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Leiden Law Faculty

This “great charter” or Magna Carta of 1215 additionally required that the King’s entourage of judges hold their courts and judgments at “a certain place” rather than dispensing autocratic justice in unpredictable locations about the country. A concentrated and elite group of judges acquired a dominant function in law-making underneath this method, and compared to its European counterparts the English judiciary turned extremely centralised. In 1297, for instance, whereas the very best courtroom in France had fifty-one judges, the English Court of Common Pleas had five. This highly effective and tight-knit judiciary gave rise to a systematised means of developing widespread law.

Today, businesses are increasingly able to shifting capital and labour supply chains throughout borders, as properly as trading with overseas companies, making the question of which country has jurisdiction even more urgent. Increasing numbers of businesses opt for industrial arbitration under the New York Convention 1958. Around 1900 …

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